Oils in silicone coatings are found to affect the development of sea urchins. Extracts from a paper: “The effects of model polysiloxane and fouling-release coatings on embryonic development of a sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata) and a fish (Oryzias… Continue reading
Unpublished research suggests that “Foul Release” silicone hull coatings, rather then being a biocide-free alternative to copper anti-foulings, actually rely on organotin compounds for their effect.
Tin compounds were banned as anti-fouling agents in 2008, but the ban is avoided… Continue reading
Crustaceans at 10,000 metre depths contain higher concentrations of chemicals than some animals in coastal waters
Research reported in this month’s NATURE shows that toxic chemicals, including anti-fouling compounds from ship hulls, are accumulating in marine creatures in Earth’s deepest oceanic trenches.
The research, conducted from the University of Aberdeen and presented at a conference inShanghai,… Continue reading
A survey analysis of heavy metals bio-accumulation in internal organs of sea shell animals affected by the sustainable pollution of antifouling paints used for ships anchored at some domestic maritime spaces
Published in China Science Bulletin, 2008
By WANG JunLian1 et al
“Some samples of sea shell animals stuck and multiplied on the bottom (beneath the seawater) coated with antifouling paints were collected at some domestic maritime spaces, and… Continue reading
Published by International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
By Francisco Antonio Guardiola et al.
“The use of biocides in the aquatic environment … has proved to be harmful as it has toxic effects on the… Continue reading
Published in Ecology Letters, 2013
By H. Seebens, M. T. Gastner and B. Blasius
The rate of biological invasions has strongly increased during the last decades, mostly due to the accelerated spread of species by increasing global trade… Continue reading
Published by The National System for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pest Incursions, 2013
“The ANZECC Code describes practices that prevent the release of toxic chemicals and biofouling organisms into the marine environment. It prohibits in-water cleaning… Continue reading
Published in Pesticides News No. 67, March 2005
Diuron is a common ‘booster biocide’ in anti-fouling paints.
“Diuron is a non-selective herbicide mainly used to control weeds on hard surfaces. Its principal breakdown product 3,4-dichloroaniline is more toxic… Continue reading
(Data taken from Product Data Sheets. Active anti-fouling agents highlighted)
International Paints Intercept 8000 (“Lubyon” technology)
Copper (I) oxide 25 – 50%
Zinc oxide … Continue reading